Deadly earthquake near the coast of central Chile (Coquimbo / La Serena) – January 20, 2019

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A limited number of houses were damaged in the La Serena region where the shaking intensity was at its strongest .
2 people were unfortunately killed due to heart attacks (secondary deaths).
We have seen no reports of injured people.

Shaking maps of this earthquake

Shaking impact on nearby cities and villages and on the population in MMI (Modified Mercalli scaled).

This is a subduction type earthquake.
Subduction zones occur when one plates is composed of oceanic crust. The denser Nazca plate subducts beneath the less dense South American plate. The plate being forced under has tendency to hang and suddenly breaks by the incremental stress.

Based on the present earthquake parameters (Magnitude, Depth, Population, etc) and our experience with earthquake damage impact, earthquake-report.com calls this earthquake extremely dangerous and expects injuries and serious damage

Most important Earthquake Data:

Magnitude : 6.6

Local Time (conversion only below land) : Unknown

GMT/UTC Time : 2019-01-20 01:32:49

Depth (Hypocenter) : 59 km

Depth and Magnitude updates in the list below.


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0 AND x.m0 AND x2.m 1.0) AND (date_time >= 1547942400 AND date_time Refresh this list
SRC Location UTC Date/time M D INFO
GEOFON Near Coast Of Central Chile Jan 20 09:23 4.6 10 MAP
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USGS Coquimbo, Chile Jan 20 09:23 4.5 18 MAP
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USGS Coquimbo, Chile Jan 20 07:39 4.0 61 MAP
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USGS Coquimbo, Chile Jan 20 04:59 4.4 57 MAP
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USGS Coquimbo, Chile Jan 20 02:36 4.3 53 MAP
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PTWC Jan 20 01:39 6.8 0 MAP
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USGS Coquimbo, Chile Jan 20 01:32 6.7 53 MAP
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USGS Coquimbo, Chile Jan 20 01:32 6.8 54 MAP
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GEOFON Near Coast Of Central Chile Jan 20 01:32 6.6 59 MAP
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  • Valporaiso – No damage, lasted maybe a minute
  • Mendoza – Weak shaking
  • Santiago, lo barnechea – Lsted about 30 seconds
  • Santiago – Light shaking
  • Valparaíso – Weak shaking
  • Santiago – It lasted approximately two minutes. Strong shaking in a high-rise. No damages.
  • Santiago – Light shaking
  • Santiago – 30 seconds to one minute. No damage but we moved outside just in case
  • santiago – lasted maybe 10 seconds from 17th fl at the mercure hotel santiago.
  • santiago – about 30 seconds or more
  • Santiago – Light shaking
  • Santiago – 60 seconds
  • Mendoza – We are on the 15th floor of the Sheraton in Mendoza. Felt light shaking and swaying, and heard building and ductwork creaking.
  • Santiago – 10 sec wine glasses and lamps shaking
  • Santiago – My partner detected movement I didn’t! She pointed out very slight swinging of the mugs hanging on the cup hooks and about 10 seconds later there was a clear jolt that lasted a second or 2. Total duration maybe 20 secs.
  • Santiago – 2 minutes
  • La serena – fue un terremoto aquí en chile, la serena en sector las compañías en este momento cuidad de la serena se encuentra sin energía eléctrica en nuestro sector aun mentemos los servicios básicos funcionado si hay gran conmoción en la calle especial aquí es verano las playas están siendo evacuadas por las autoridades ya que cabe la posibilidad de que produzca un tsunami funciono las alertas telefónicas saludos cordiales María Correa Velásquez y Cristian Valderrama correa
  • Mendoza – We were on the 20th floor of the Diplomatic Hotel in Mendoza and felt the building lightly swaying for a couple minutes.
  • Vina del Mar – In bed. Small lateral motion. 2 seconds.
  • Vina del Mar – Around 10:30 local time. In restaurant at street level. First seconds were up and down followed by strong lateral motion for about 20- 30 seconds. Nothing fell from shelves but lights swayed. Many people left restaurant onto street.
  • La Serena – We stayed 8th floor of an old hotel. We felt light shaking for 1-2 second and then sudden strong one made anything in my room messy.

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    I felt the shaking *
    Country where you felt the earthquake * Afghanistanaland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAmerican SamoaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBoliviaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Antarctic TerritoryBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBritish Virgin IslandsBruneiBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCanton and Enderbury IslandsCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos [Keeling] IslandsColombiaComorosCongo – BrazzavilleCongo – KinshasaCook IslandsCosta RicaC?te d?IvoireCroatiaCubaCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicDronning Maud LandEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland IslandsFaroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern and Antarctic TerritoriesFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuamGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and McDonald IslandsHondurasHong Kong SAR ChinaHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIranIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJohnston IslandJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKuwaitKyrgyzstanLaosLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacau SAR ChinaMacedoniaMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMarshall IslandsMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMetropolitan FranceMexicoMicronesiaMidway IslandsMoldovaMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmar [Burma]NamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNetherlands AntillesNeutral ZoneNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorth KoreaNorthern Mariana IslandsNorwayOmanPacific Islands Trust TerritoryPakistanPalauPalestinian TerritoriesPanamaPanama Canal ZonePapua New GuineaParaguayPeople’s Democratic Republic of YemenPeruPhilippinesPitcairn IslandsPolandPortugalPuerto RicoQatarR?unionRomaniaRussiaRwandaSaint Barth?lemySaint HelenaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint MartinSaint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoS?o Tom? and Pr?ncipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSerbia and MontenegroSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth KoreaSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyriaTaiwanTajikistanTanzaniaThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluU.S. Minor Outlying IslandsU.S. Miscellaneous Pacific IslandsU.S. Virgin IslandsUgandaUkraineUnion of Soviet Socialist RepublicsUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUnknown or Invalid RegionUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVatican CityVenezuelaVietnamVietnamWake IslandWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabwe
    City/Village where you felt the earthquake *
    Street or suburb (area) where you felt the earthquake
    Latitude (area) where you felt the earthquake
    Longitude (area) where you felt the earthquake
    Time that you felt the earthquake (local time)
    Shaking Strength *
    MMI II (Very weak shaking) ?

    People :
    Felt by persons at rest, on upper floors or favorably placed.
    MMI III (Weak shaking) ?

    People :
    Felt indoors; hanging objects may swing, vibration similar to passing of light trucks, duration may be estimated, may not be recognized as an earthquake.
    MMI IV (Light shaking) ?

    People :
    Generally noticed indoors but not outside. Light sleepers may be awakened. Vibration may be likened to the passing of heavy traffic, or to the jolt of a heavy object falling or striking the building.
    Fittings :
    Doors and windows rattle. Glassware and crockery rattle. Liquids in open vessels may be slightly disturbed. Standing motorcars may rock.
    Structures :
    Walls and frames of buildings, and partitions and suspended ceilings in commercial buildings, may be heard to creak.
    MMI V (Moderate shaking) ?

    People :
    Generally felt outside, and by almost everyone indoors. Most sleepers awakened. A few people alarmed.
    Fittings :
    Small unstable objects are displaced or upset. Some glassware and crockery may be broken. Hanging pictures knock against the wall. Open doors may swing. Cupboard doors secured by magnetic catches may open. Pendulum clocks stop, start, or change rate.
    Structures :
    Some large display windows cracked. A few earthenware toilet fixtures cracked.
    MMI VI (Strong shaking) ?

    People
    Felt by all. People and animals alarmed. Many run outside. Difficulty experienced in walking steadily.
    Fittings :
    Objects fall from shelves. Pictures fall from walls. Some furniture moved on smooth floors, some unsecured free-standing fireplaces moved. Glassware and crockery broken. Very unstable furniture overturned. Small church and school bells ring. Appliances move on bench or table tops. Filing cabinets or “easy glide” drawers may open (or shut).
    Structures :
    Slight damage to buildings with low standard. Some stucco or cement plaster falls. Large display windows broken. Damage to a few weak domestic chimneys, some may fall.
    Environment :
    Trees and bushes shake, or are heard to rustle. Loose material may be dislodged from sloping ground, e.g. existing slides, talus slopes, shingle slides.
    MMI VII (Very strong shaking) ?

    People
    General alarm. Difficulty experienced in standing. Noticed by motorcar drivers who may stop.
    Fittings :
    Large bells ring. Furniture moves on smooth floors, may move on carpeted floors. Substantial damage to fragile contents of buildings.
    Structures :
    Unreinforced stone and brick walls cracked. Low standard buildings cracked with some minor masonry falls. A few instances of damage to buildings of ordinary workmanship. Unbraced parapets, unbraced brick gables, and architectural ornaments fall. Roofing tiles, especially ridge tiles may be dislodged. Many unreinforced domestic chimneys damaged, often falling from roof-line. Water tanks Type I burst. A few instances of damage to brick veneers and plaster or cement-based linings. Unrestrained water cylinders (hot-water cylinders) may move and leak. Some common windows cracked. Suspended ceilings damaged.
    Environment :
    Water made turbid by stirred up mud. Small slides such as falls of sand and gravel banks, and small rock-falls from steep slopes and cuttings. Instances of settlement of unconsolidated or wet, or weak soils. Some fine cracks appear in sloping ground. A few instances of liquefaction (i.e. small water and sand ejections).
    MMI VIII (Severe shaking) ?

    People
    Alarm may approach panic. Steering of motorcars greatly affected.

    Structures :
    Low standard buildings heavily damaged, some collapse. ordinary workmanship buildings damaged, some with partial collapse. Reinforced masonry or concrete buildings damaged in some cases. A few instances of damage to buildings and bridges designed and built to resist earthquakes. Monuments and pre-1976 elevated tanks and factory stacks twisted or brought down. Some pre-1965 infill masonry panels damaged. A few post-1980 brick veneers damaged. Decayed timber piles of houses damaged. Houses not secured to foundations may move. Most unreinforced domestic chimneys damaged, some below roof-line, many brought down.

    Environment :
    Cracks appear on steep slopes and in wet ground. Small to moderate slides in roadside cuttings and unsupported excavations. Small water and sand ejections and localized lateral spreading adjacent to streams, canals, lakes, etc.

    MMI IX (Violent shaking) ?

    Structures
    Many low standard buildings destroyed. Ordinary workmanship buildings heavily damaged, some collapse. Reinforced masonry or concrete buildings damaged, some with partial collapse. Buildings and bridges designed and built to resist earthquakes damaged in some cases, some with flexible frames seriously damaged. Damage or permanent distortion to some buildings and bridges, designed and built to normal use standards. Houses not secured to foundations shifted off. Brick veneers fall and expose frames.

    Environment :
    Cracking of ground conspicuous. Landsliding general on steep slopes. Liquefaction effects intensified and more widespread, with large lateral spreading and flow sliding adjacent to streams, canals, lakes, etc.

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    jQuery(“.popupCloseButton”).click(function(){
    jQuery(“.hover_bkgr_fricc”).hide();
    });
    var captcha_url = “https://earthquake-report.com/wp-content/plugins/quakesos”;
    var xurl = “https://earthquake-report.com/wp-content/plugins/quakesos/experience.php”;
    var url1 = jQuery(“.quake_felt”).first().attr(“href”);
    jQuery(“#qid”).val(url1);
    jQuery(“#comments”).keyup(function(e) {
    var len = jQuery(this).val().trim().length;
    if (len<=500)
    jQuery("#quake_c_count")
    .html((500-len)+" "+LANG_count_text)
    .css("color","blue")
    .show()
    else
    jQuery("#quake_c_count")
    .html((len-500)+" "+LANG_extra_text)
    .css("color","red")
    .show()
    });
    jQuery(".MMI_help").click(function(e) {
    e.preventDefault();

    if (PREV_MII_Help)
    {
    PREV_MII_Help.fadeOut(300);
    }
    var h = jQuery(this).next();
    h
    .css("position","absolute")
    .css("width", "500px")
    .css("left", (parseInt(jQuery(this).css("left"))+50) + "px")
    .css("top", (parseInt(jQuery(this).css("top"))+50) + "px")
    //.hcenter()

    if (PREV_MII_Help && h.html() == PREV_v)
    {
    PREV_MII_Help.fadeOut(300);
    PREV_MII_Help = false;
    PREV_v = false;
    return;
    }
    PREV_MII_Help = h;
    PREV_v = h.html();
    h.fadeIn(300)
    });

    jQuery("#quake_experience").live("submit", function(e)
    {
    e.preventDefault();
    var FORM = this;
    var FORM_DATA = jQuery(this).serialize();

    jQuery("#exp_submit_button").attr("disabled", "true");

    window.setTimeout(function(){
    jQuery("#exp_submit_button").removeAttr("disabled");
    },1000);

    jQuery.post
    (
    xurl,
    FORM_DATA,
    function(data)
    {
    jQuery("#quake_c_count").html("");
    if (data != ""){
    alert(data);

    }
    else
    {
    jQuery("#comments,#captcha,#location,#local_eq_time").val("");
    jQuery("#form_overlay #qid").val("-1");
    jQuery('input[name="experience"]').removeAttr("checked");
    jQuery("#quake_success").html("
    Earthquake-Report.com appreciates sharing your experience with our readers!”);
    jQuery(“html, body”).animate({ scrollTop: $(“#form_overlay”).offset().top }, 100);
    jQuery(“.hover_bkgr_fricc”).show();
    }
    }
    );

    });
    jQuery(“.quake_felt”).live(“click”, function(e)
    {
    e.preventDefault();
    var url = jQuery(this).attr(“href”);
    var mag = jQuery(this).attr(“mag”);
    var tit = jQuery(this).attr(“title”);
    jQuery(“#quake_title”).html(tit + ” – M ” + mag);

    //jQuery(“#form_overlay”)
    //.css(“z-index”, 2000)
    //.find(“#quake_experience”)

    jQuery(“#qid”).val(url);
    //jQuery(“#form_overlay”)
    //.hcenter()
    //.fadeIn(1000)
    jQuery(“#comments,#captcha”)//,#email
    .val(“”);
    //jQuery(“#email”)
    //.focus();

    //jQuery(“#captcha_img”)
    // .attr(“src”, captcha_url + “/captcha.php?” + Date());
    /*jQuery(“#captcha_reload”)
    .attr(“src”, captcha_url + “/reload.png”)
    .attr(“alt”, “Reload security captcha”)
    .attr(“title”, “Reload security captcha”)
    .css(“cursor”, “pointer”)
    .click(function(e) {
    jQuery(“#captcha_img”)
    .attr(“src”, captcha_url + “/captcha.php?” + Date());
    });
    */
    jQuery(“html, body”).animate({ scrollTop: $(“#form_overlay”).offset().top }, 500,
    function() {
    var fld = “#email”;
    if (jQuery(fld).val() != “”)
    fld = “#form_overlay input[name=”location”]”;
    jQuery(fld)
    .focus()
    .select()
    }
    );
    });
    jQuery(“#experience_close”).click(function(e)
    {
    jQuery(“#form_overlay”)
    .fadeOut(1000);
    }).css(“cursor”, “pointer”)

    });

    source

    How music crosses cultures and empowers communities | LADAMA

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    Singing in Spanish, Portuguese and English, LADAMA brings a vibrant, energizing and utterly danceable musical set to the TED stage. In between performances of their songs “Night Traveler” and “Porro Maracatu,” they discuss how cross-cultural musical collaboration can empower communities.

    The political progress women have made — and what's next | Cecile Richards

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    Women have made enormous progress over the last century — challenging the status quo, busting old taboos and changing business from the inside out. But when it comes to political representation, there’s still a long way to go, says activist Cecile Richards. In this visionary talk, Richards calls for a global political revolution for women’s equality and offers her ideas for how we can build it.

    Up for Debate: Talks from TED and Doha Debates

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    At TED Salon: Up for Debate, held January 16, 2019, at the TED World Theater in New York, NY, five speakers shared ideas for tackling society’s thorniest issues, joined via video by people worldwide. (Photo: Dian Lofton / TED)

    The world is more interconnected than ever before — and the need to bridge political and ideological divides has never been more urgent. Now is the time to examine the rules of genuine human engagement, to find common ground for respectful, passionate discourse and to celebrate civility.

    That’s the idea behind TED Salon: Up for Debate, a session of talks hosted by TED Residency director Cyndi Stivers and presented in partnership with Doha Debates — a newly revitalized media venture that seeks to inspire action and collaborative solutions to global challenges through debate. On Wednesday, January 16, five speakers took the stage of the TED World Theater in New York City; meanwhile, five groups of people from around the world joined the session live via Shared_Studios‘s “Portals” project. In reclaimed shipping containers outfitted with AV equipment, the groups in Doha, Qatar; Kigali, Rwanda; Herat, Afghanistan; Hardy County, West Virginia; and Mexico City were invited to share their thoughts on hot topics in their parts of the world and respond to the talks in New York in real time.

    After an opening song performed by the Brooklyn Nomads, the session kicked off with journalist Steven Petrow.

    Civility shouldn’t be a dirty word. What does it mean to be a “civilist” — an archaic title describing an “individual who tries to live by a moral code” — in a world where “civility” is a dirty word? Voices on the right conflate civility with political correctness, believing it to be a tool for the left to demonize their opposition. On the left, civility is considered immoral if it allows for the acquiescence to injustice — think of Martin Luther King Jr. or the Suffragists, who made changes by speaking out. But does civility actually stifle debate? As Petrow sees it, civility doesn’t mean appeasement or avoiding important differences; it means listening and talking about those differences with respect. Reasonable discussions are crucial to a healthy democracy, he says, while hate speech, cyberbullying and threats are not; in fact, they suppress conversation by telling us, “Shut up or else.” What we need now are rules of engagement — “a Geneva Convention of civility to become better citizens.” He offers three ways citizens can work toward the greater good: de-escalate language; challenge policies and positions, not character; and don’t mistake decorum for civility.

    Rana Abdelhamid shares three ingredients to starting an international movement and her story of starting a self-defense class in her community. She speaks at TEDSalon: Up for Debate, January 16, 2019, at the TED World Theater in New York, NY. (Photo: Dian Lofton / TED)

    The secret recipe to starting a movement. According to human rights organizer Rana Abdelhamid, there are three ingredients to creating an international movement: Start with what you know, start with who you know and, most important, start with joy. After a stranger aggressively tried to remove her hijab, the 16-year-old Abdelhamid (who happens to be a first-degree black belt) began teaching self-defense to women and girls in a community center basement. But she  realized that she didn’t want the class to focus on fear — instead, she wanted her students to experience the class as an exercise in mental and physical well-being. That one class has evolved into Malikah, a grassroots organization spanning 17 cities in 12 countries that offers security and self-defense training that’s specific to wherever a person may live and how they walk through the world.

    Audience members in a “Portal” in Doha, Qatar, speak live with salon host Cyndi Stivers, sharing their experiences with the media in their home country. (Photo: Ryan Lash / TED)

    Next up, coming to us live from Doha, Qatar, a group of students who’ve gathered in a Shared_Studios Portal explains how the media has shaped their world — from employment to health to education and beyond. Some outlets have started promoting hate speech and fake news, they say, manipulating people in dangerous ways and sparking a debate about the role the media should play. We turn to the Portal in Mexico City, where students explain how, on the heels of their country’s recent transformative election, it’s becoming more important than ever to work together and understand that humanity is part of one force: “Now, kindness is the ultimate intelligence.”

    Real dialogue is possible. Journalist Eve Pearlman is on a mission to bridge the political divide in the United States. With the help of her friend and fellow journalist Jeremy Hay, she founded Spaceship Media, dedicated to bringing together people on different sides of a political spectrum to create “dialogue journalism.” Their first dialogue asked Trump supporters from Alabama how they think Clinton voters in California perceive them — and vice versa. “By identifying stereotypes at the start of each project, we find that people begin to see the simplistic and often mean-spirited caricatures they carry,” Pearlman says, “and after that, we can move into the process of real conversation.” Pearlman and Hay want to bring trust back into journalism — moving away from clickbait reporting and toward transparency and care for the communities these journalists serve. When journalists and citizens come together in discussion, people that otherwise would have never met end up speaking with each other — and feeling grateful to know first-hand that the other side isn’t crazy, Pearlman says: “Real engagement across difference: this is the salve that our democracy sorely needs.”

    Are all millennials lazy, entitled avocado-toast lovers? Author Reniqua Allen calls on us to take a broader, more nuanced view — and specifically, to listen to the 43 percent of millennials who are non-white. She speaks at TEDSalon: Up for Debate, January 16, 2019, at the TED World Theater in New York, NY. (Photo: Ryan Lash / TED)

    Why we need to listen to millennials — all of them. Millennials aren’t a monolith, says author Reniqua Allen, but too often, we treat them like they are. By simplifying millennials to a worn-out stereotype of lazy, entitled avocado-toast lovers, Allen warns that we erase the vast multitude of millennial backgrounds and experiences, particularly the unique experiences of black millennials. Millennials are the largest, most diverse adult population in the country, she says, and 43 percent are non-white. While researching her book It Was All a Dream, Allen heard from black millennials like Joelle, who couldn’t attend her dream school because it was too expensive; AB, an actor who fears racial bias is limiting his success in Hollywood; and Simon, a tech company CFO who gave up a passion for photography because he didn’t have the financial safety net to take the risk. “These kind of stories — the quieter, more subtle ones — reveal the unique and often untold story of black millennials, show how even dreaming may differ between communities,” Allen says. Though black creatives, politicians and athletes are thriving, racist structures and ideologies haven’t gone away — and they affect the everyday experiences of millennials across the country. 

    Next up, we check in with Kigali, Rwanda. The Rwandans in the Portal say that their most pressing issue is the trade war between Rwanda and the US. In 2016, the Rwandan government increased import duties on used clothing from the US in order to encourage domestic clothing production. Since then, the US has suspended certain trade benefits Rwanda receives under the African Growth and Opportunity Act — namely, those allowing Rwanda to export goods to the US without tariffs. They remind us that Rwanda is a young country; what’s on their mind is the need to build up self-dependence, in large part through the economic ability to dictate the prices of the goods they trade with the world. Meanwhile, in Herat, Afghanistan, participants in the Portal share how their community is trying to adapt to the international attitude. They’re eager for technology and social media to help meet and connect with people from other countries; they say that social media, in particular, has opened a gateway for women in Afghanistan.

    Tweeting at a terrorist. Twitter is frequently “where you go to get yelled at by people you don’t know,” says counterterrorism expert and blogger Clint Watts. But it can also be a great place to interact with someone you otherwise might not encounter — someone like Omar Hammami, a rapping terrorist who traded tweets with Watts in 2013. Hammami grew up in Mobile, Alabama. Watts notes that had they ever met, “We probably would’ve shared a box of Krispy Kreme donuts.” Instead, Hammami joined the notorious terror group al Shabaab, where his Western background was exploited as propaganda — especially when he became a viral celebrity for his pro-jihad YouTube raps. Hammami eventually fell out with al Shabaab and, hunted by both counterterrorists and the mujahideen, hid in Somalia, where he obsessively tweeted about his plight. Intrigued, Watts engaged him in banter on everything from the caliphate to Reading Rainbow — a poignant reminder of Hammami’s lingering ties to his home country. In the end, this unlikely social media friendship was not enough to save Hammami, who was assassinated. Watts wonders, as Hammami’s murderous ex-comrades closed in: “Did his thoughts reach for jihad and his faith, or did he reach for his family, his friends, his life back in Alabama, and the path he didn’t choose?”

    The salon comes to a close with a Portal appearance from students in Hardy County, West Virginia. The most contentious topic in their area? Resistance to change. As one of the participants says: “People hold so tight to their family traditions and what they learned growing up.” Yet hope remains. The students see themselves as activists, looking to help those in their community who are brought down by discrimination and lack of acceptance.

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    Commentary: A new member of the science adviser fraternity

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