Interferometric measurements shake up attosecond science

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The hidden opportunities of the informal economy | Niti Bhan

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Niti Bhan studies business strategy for Africa’s informal markets: the small shops and stands, skilled craftspeople and laborers who are the invisible engine that keeps the continent’s economy running. It’s tempting to think of these workers as tax-dodgers, even criminals — but Bhan makes the case that this booming segment of the economy is legitimate and worthy of investment. “These are the fertile seeds of businesses and enterprises,” Bhan says. “Can we start by recognizing these skills and occupations?”

Speed of change: The talks of TEDNYC x BMW i

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The speed of change is a constant in our lives. Sometimes it’s worth slowing things down, to look at what might be changing without us even considering it.

To celebrate the efforts of innovators, change-makers and dreamers who are reimagining the future, TED has partnered with BMW i. In a special session of talks hosted by TED design curator Chee Pearlman and TED science curator David Biello at TED HQ in New York City on Thursday night, five speakers (and three remarkable performers) explored how we might shape future through creativity and imagination.

Acoustic duo Anielle and Matthew kicked off the evening with a performance of their original song “Dead Romance,” weaving together the sounds of Americana folk music and modern pop.

Systems engineer and researcher Danielle Wood shares six ways technologies developed for space exploration can lead to better, more sustainable development on earth. (Photo: Jasmina Tomic/TED)

Justice and development through space. Danielle Wood leads the Space Enabled research group at the MIT Media Lab, where she works to break down the idea that space is for the few, the rich or the elite. She identifies six space technologies that can contribute to sustainable development across the world. First, communication satellites can be essential during times of disaster, when regular communication networks malfunction. Likewise, scientists use positioning satellites to study endangered species and track their movements, and they use earth observation satellites to measure features of our environment such as the temperature of the ocean. Next, the diet and exercise regimens used by astronauts living in orbiting laboratories like the International Space Station help us learn more about how to improve health on earth. Space spinoff includes the inventions created for space that can transfer to other fields outside space technology. Finally, adventures in space can serve as inspiration for people across the globe to develop new skills in science and technology. “Space truly is useful for sustainable development for the benefit of all peoples,” Wood says.

Shared mobility architect Sandra Phillips details the opportunities of carsharing at TED and BMW i’s Speed of Change salon. (Photo: Jasmina Tomic/TED)

The future of shared mobility and public transportation. Shared mobility architect Sandra Phillips has helped launch car-sharing programs in several countries, bridging the gap between homes and distant subway stations while benefiting the environment and community. The idea is simple: “Essentially, you become a member of a club and gain access to different types of shared vehicles. You only use them when you need them, and you pay for what you use,” Phillips says. In practice, this looks like using a shared car or bike to get to the nearest transit station, instead of relying on your own car. In a study conducted at the University of California, Berkeley, researchers found that in the five cities where carsharing service Car2Go was tested, some 28,000 cars were removed from the roads, reducing greenhouse gas emissions and opening up space for parks, libraries and other community hubs. Phillips believes this is possible because car-sharing brings together the inclusive social mandate of public transportation and the innovation behind private mobility companies. While it may not be the solution for congestion in large cities, in places like Vancouver and Sacramento, having access to car-sharing could transform how people get around.

The dark side of our beautiful lawns. Americans think of our lawns as lush, green, living carpets that we proudly display in front of our homes. But they’ve become one of the most high-maintenance — and damaging — of accessories. In the US, lawns cover more than 40 million acres, making them our largest irrigated crop, says landscape architect Edwina von Gal. We shower them with billions of gallons of water (half of which is wasted) and douse them with chemicals. “The typical lawn uses two to four times more fertilizers and pesticides per square foot than crops,” says von Gal. These chemicals have been linked to human diseases like cancers, endocrine system and nervous system disorders, allergies and asthma; they harm our waterways, marine life, insects and birds; and they’re decimating the soil biome, the beneficial microbes in the dirt. But we don’t have to give up our lawns, says von Gal: “We just need to work with nature, not against it.” Her advice is simple: water seldom but water deep; mow high; let clippings and leaves serve as compost and mulch; and let nature happen. “We need to think about whether we’re walking across a toxic lawn to get to our patch of organic kale,” von Gal says.

Materials scientist Andrew Dent shares thrifty ideas for the future of design. (Photo: Jasmina Tomic/TED)

Adventures in thrift. In an age where everything feels replaceable and planned obsolescence is a genuine business strategy, materials scientist Andrew Dent wants us to consider a powerful idea: thrifting. There is no “away,” Dent says; when we discard something (as we do to the tune of 1.3 billion tons of waste per year globally) it ends up in ever-growing landfills. But we can get smarter about the way we make, and remake, our products, he says. From consumer electronics made of nanocellulose, bulletproof materials made from synthetic spider silk and enzymes that can help make plastic infinitely recyclable, Dent shares exciting examples of thrift and advances in material science in action. “If you make anything, think about how that product could be potentially used for a second life, or a third life,” Dent says. “Design the ability for your products to be taken apart.”

Journalist and screenwriter Drew Philp tells inspirational stories of “radical neighborliness” at TED and BMW i’s Speed of Change Salon. (Photo: Jasmina Tomic/TED)

Radical neighborliness. In 2009, journalist and screenwriter Drew Philp bought a ruined house in Detroit for $500. But in the years that followed, as he gutted the interior and removed the heaps of garbage crowding the rooms, he learned less about repairing a house than about building a community. Six decades of decline, plus a rapid exodus in the past ten years, have left a chunk of Detroit the size of San Francisco empty and abandoned. But those who’ve stayed put, Philp says, have formed the kinds of neighborhoods and city streets where people want to live. Philp calls the camaraderie he sees at work in Detroit “radical neighborliness,” and he thinks this principle “may provide the answers to cities struggling everywhere and looking to re-invent themselves.” In a tribute to the city he loves, Philp makes the case that we do have “the power to create the world anew, together, and to do it ourselves when our governments refuse.”

Wonder, illusion and magic. Set to a lively hip-hop beat, then a slower more sentimental accompaniment, illusionist and magic designer Andrew Evans enraptured the audience in the night’s closing performance. With dynamism and charisma, Evans amazed the crowd with a series of enchanting illusions, inviting people to see what can happen if you just let yourself believe. “I’d much prefer people walk away with thoughts beyond the stage,” he says, “wondering what other things in the world might deserve a closer look.”

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Massive earthquake off the coast of Tadine, New Caledonia – Tsunami risk lifted – November 19, 2017

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Update 00:35 UTC : Max. tsunami level measured was 0.37 cm at Ouinne

Update 00:32 UTC : The Tsunami risk has been lifted
Message nr. 5 from the PTWC
EVALUATION
* AN EARTHQUAKE WITH A PRELIMINARY MAGNITUDE OF 7.0 OCCURRED IN THE LOYALTY ISLANDS AT 2244 UTC ON SUNDAY NOVEMBER 19 2017.
* BASED ON ALL AVAILABLE DATA… THE TSUNAMI THREAT FROM THIS
EARTHQUAKE HAS NOW PASSED.
* GOVERNMENT AGENCIES RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY IMPACTED COASTAL
AREAS SHOULD MONITOR CONDITIONS AT THE COAST TO DETERMINE IF
AND WHEN IT IS SAFE TO RESUME NORMAL ACTIVITIES.
* PERSONS LOCATED NEAR IMPACTED COASTAL AREAS SHOULD STAY ALERT  FOR INFORMATION AND FOLLOW INSTRUCTIONS FROM LOCAL
AUTHORITIES.
* REMAIN OBSERVANT AND EXERCISE NORMAL CAUTION NEAR THE SEA.
POTENTIAL IMPACTS
* MINOR SEA LEVEL FLUCTUATIONS OF UP TO 0.3 METERS ABOVE AND
BELOW THE NORMAL TIDE MAY CONTINUE OVER THE NEXT FEW HOURS.

Update 00:24 UTC : And yet another M6.1 earthquake strikes the same area

Update 23:58 UTC : Exposed Population: About 5000 people within 100km

Update 23:50 UTC : NOAA Tsunami service estimates the tsunami to measure 0.3 to 1 meter. The Tsunami threath has not yet been canceled.

Update 23:49 UTC : USGS has lowered the Magnitude from M7.3 to M7.0

Update 23:22 UTC : GOOD NEWS from Prof. Max Wyss, specialized in injured and fatalities calculations. He does NOT expect any injuries or fatalities.

Update 23:20 UTC : Earlier today we had 2 very strong earthquakes in the same region of respectively M6.4 and M6.9

Update 232:17 UTC : More about the tsunami risk. The max. tsunami level will be 0.4 meter based on the calculations of GDACS

Schermafbeelding 2017-11-20 om 00.16.46

Schermafbeelding 2017-11-20 om 00.16.29

Update 23:14 UTC : TSUNAMI Risk

Schermafbeelding 2017-11-20 om 00.14.09

Update 23:05 UTC : The region has been pounded by numerous aftershocks. Also this earthquake was in fact an aftershock.

Update 23:00 UTC : Although people are used to very strong earthquakes in this region of the world, a M7.3 is powerful enough to generate damage on the island of Tadine.

Update 22:59 UTC : Based on the current preliminary earthquake data, earthquake-report.com does expect at least some slight damage like cracks in walls, fallen tiles, etc.

Schermafbeelding 2017-11-20 om 00.02.25

Most important Earthquake Data:

Magnitude : 7

Local Time (conversion only below land) : Unknown

GMT/UTC Time : 2017-11-19 22:43:30

Depth (Hypocenter) : 10 km

Depth and Magnitude updates in the list below.

Donation - long - San Francisco

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Click on the “I Felt It” button behind the corresponding earthquake. Your earthquake experience is not only important for science, but also for people in the area as well as our global readership.

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SRC Location UTC Date/time M D INFO
USGS Tadine, New Caledonia Nov 19 23:32 4.8 10 MAP
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EMSC Loyalty Islands Nov 19 23:32 4.8 10 MAP
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GEOFON Southeast Of Loyalty Islands Nov 19 23:32 4.8 10 MAP
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USGS Tadine, New Caledonia Nov 19 23:24 5.1 10 MAP
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GEOFON Loyalty Islands Nov 19 23:24 5.0 10 MAP
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USGS Tadine, New Caledonia Nov 19 22:58 5.1 10 MAP
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GEOFON Loyalty Islands Nov 19 22:58 5.1 10 MAP
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GEOFON Loyalty Islands Nov 19 22:43 7.0 10 MAP
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USGS Tadine, New Caledonia Nov 19 22:43 7.0 10 MAP
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USGS Tadine, New Caledonia Nov 19 22:43 7.0 10 MAP
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USGS Tadine, New Caledonia Nov 19 22:01 4.7 35 MAP
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EMSC Loyalty Islands Nov 19 22:01 4.7 15 MAP
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GEOFON Loyalty Islands Nov 19 22:00 4.8 10 MAP
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GEOFON Loyalty Islands Nov 19 21:49 4.7 10 MAP
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EMSC Loyalty Islands Nov 19 21:49 4.8 10 MAP
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USGS Tadine, New Caledonia Nov 19 21:49 4.8 4 MAP
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GEOFON Loyalty Islands Nov 19 19:43 4.5 10 MAP
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EMSC Loyalty Islands Nov 19 19:43 4.8 10 MAP
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USGS Tadine, New Caledonia Nov 19 19:43 4.8 10 MAP
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EMSC Loyalty Islands Nov 19 19:34 4.9 80 MAP
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GEOFON Loyalty Islands Nov 19 19:34 5.2 10 MAP
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USGS Tadine, New Caledonia Nov 19 19:34 5.3 7 MAP
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USGS Tadine, New Caledonia Nov 19 19:33 5.3 18 MAP
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GEOFON Loyalty Islands Nov 19 18:58 4.7 10 MAP
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USGS Tadine, New Caledonia Nov 19 18:58 4.8 10 MAP
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EMSC Loyalty Islands Nov 19 18:58 4.8 10 MAP
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GEOFON Loyalty Islands Nov 19 16:08 5.7 10 MAP
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USGS Tadine, New Caledonia Nov 19 16:08 5.9 10 MAP
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USGS Tadine, New Caledonia Nov 19 15:09 6.9 19 MAP
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USGS Tadine, New Caledonia Nov 19 15:09 6.6 14 MAP
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GEOFON Loyalty Islands Nov 19 15:09 6.6 10 MAP
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USGS Tadine, New Caledonia Nov 19 11:36 4.8 7 MAP
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EMSC Loyalty Islands Nov 19 11:36 4.8 20 MAP
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GEOFON Loyalty Islands Nov 19 11:36 4.7 10 MAP
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USGS Tadine, New Caledonia Nov 19 11:27 5.3 32 MAP
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GEOFON Loyalty Islands Nov 19 11:27 5.3 10 MAP
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USGS Tadine, New Caledonia Nov 19 10:48 4.7 24 MAP
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EMSC Loyalty Islands Nov 19 10:48 4.8 20 MAP
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USGS Tadine, New Caledonia Nov 19 09:56 5.3 10 MAP
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GEOFON Loyalty Islands Nov 19 09:56 5.3 10 MAP
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PTWC Nov 19 09:32 6.7 0 MAP
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USGS Tadine, New Caledonia Nov 19 09:25 6.4 25 MAP
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GEOFON Loyalty Islands Nov 19 09:25 6.3 10 MAP
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SHARE YOUR EARTHQUAKE EXPERIENCE WITH US
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<!–

–>

I felt the shaking *
Country where you felt the earthquake * Afghanistanaland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAmerican SamoaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBoliviaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Antarctic TerritoryBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBritish Virgin IslandsBruneiBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCanton and Enderbury IslandsCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos [Keeling] IslandsColombiaComorosCongo – BrazzavilleCongo – KinshasaCook IslandsCosta RicaC?te d?IvoireCroatiaCubaCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicDronning Maud LandEast GermanyEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland IslandsFaroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern and Antarctic TerritoriesFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuamGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and McDonald IslandsHondurasHong Kong SAR ChinaHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIranIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJohnston IslandJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKuwaitKyrgyzstanLaosLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacau SAR ChinaMacedoniaMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMarshall IslandsMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMetropolitan FranceMexicoMicronesiaMidway IslandsMoldovaMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmar [Burma]NamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNetherlands AntillesNeutral ZoneNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorth KoreaNorth VietnamNorthern Mariana IslandsNorwayOmanPacific Islands Trust TerritoryPakistanPalauPalestinian TerritoriesPanamaPanama Canal ZonePapua New GuineaParaguayPeople’s Democratic Republic of YemenPeruPhilippinesPitcairn IslandsPolandPortugalPuerto RicoQatarR?unionRomaniaRussiaRwandaSaint Barth?lemySaint HelenaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint MartinSaint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoS?o Tom? and Pr?ncipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSerbia and MontenegroSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth KoreaSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyriaTaiwanTajikistanTanzaniaThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluU.S. Minor Outlying IslandsU.S. Miscellaneous Pacific IslandsU.S. Virgin IslandsUgandaUkraineUnion of Soviet Socialist RepublicsUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUnknown or Invalid RegionUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVatican CityVenezuelaVietnamWake IslandWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabwe
City/Village where you felt the earthquake *
Street or suburb (area) where you felt the earthquake
Latitude (area) where you felt the earthquake
Longitude (area) where you felt the earthquake
Time that you felt the earthquake (local time)
Shaking Strength *
MMI II (Very weak shaking) ?

People :
Felt by persons at rest, on upper floors or favorably placed.
MMI III (Weak shaking) ?

People :
Felt indoors; hanging objects may swing, vibration similar to passing of light trucks, duration may be estimated, may not be recognized as an earthquake.
MMI IV (Light shaking) ?

People :
Generally noticed indoors but not outside. Light sleepers may be awakened. Vibration may be likened to the passing of heavy traffic, or to the jolt of a heavy object falling or striking the building.
Fittings :
Doors and windows rattle. Glassware and crockery rattle. Liquids in open vessels may be slightly disturbed. Standing motorcars may rock.
Structures :
Walls and frames of buildings, and partitions and suspended ceilings in commercial buildings, may be heard to creak.
MMI V (Moderate shaking) ?

People :
Generally felt outside, and by almost everyone indoors. Most sleepers awakened. A few people alarmed.
Fittings :
Small unstable objects are displaced or upset. Some glassware and crockery may be broken. Hanging pictures knock against the wall. Open doors may swing. Cupboard doors secured by magnetic catches may open. Pendulum clocks stop, start, or change rate.
Structures :
Some large display windows cracked. A few earthenware toilet fixtures cracked.
MMI VI (Strong shaking) ?

People
Felt by all. People and animals alarmed. Many run outside. Difficulty experienced in walking steadily.
Fittings :
Objects fall from shelves. Pictures fall from walls. Some furniture moved on smooth floors, some unsecured free-standing fireplaces moved. Glassware and crockery broken. Very unstable furniture overturned. Small church and school bells ring. Appliances move on bench or table tops. Filing cabinets or “easy glide” drawers may open (or shut).
Structures :
Slight damage to buildings with low standard. Some stucco or cement plaster falls. Large display windows broken. Damage to a few weak domestic chimneys, some may fall.
Environment :
Trees and bushes shake, or are heard to rustle. Loose material may be dislodged from sloping ground, e.g. existing slides, talus slopes, shingle slides.
MMI VII (Very strong shaking) ?

People
General alarm. Difficulty experienced in standing. Noticed by motorcar drivers who may stop.
Fittings :
Large bells ring. Furniture moves on smooth floors, may move on carpeted floors. Substantial damage to fragile contents of buildings.
Structures :
Unreinforced stone and brick walls cracked. Low standard buildings cracked with some minor masonry falls. A few instances of damage to buildings of ordinary workmanship. Unbraced parapets, unbraced brick gables, and architectural ornaments fall. Roofing tiles, especially ridge tiles may be dislodged. Many unreinforced domestic chimneys damaged, often falling from roof-line. Water tanks Type I burst. A few instances of damage to brick veneers and plaster or cement-based linings. Unrestrained water cylinders (hot-water cylinders) may move and leak. Some common windows cracked. Suspended ceilings damaged.
Environment :
Water made turbid by stirred up mud. Small slides such as falls of sand and gravel banks, and small rock-falls from steep slopes and cuttings. Instances of settlement of unconsolidated or wet, or weak soils. Some fine cracks appear in sloping ground. A few instances of liquefaction (i.e. small water and sand ejections).
MMI VIII (Severe shaking) ?

People
Alarm may approach panic. Steering of motorcars greatly affected.

Structures :
Low standard buildings heavily damaged, some collapse. ordinary workmanship buildings damaged, some with partial collapse. Reinforced masonry or concrete buildings damaged in some cases. A few instances of damage to buildings and bridges designed and built to resist earthquakes. Monuments and pre-1976 elevated tanks and factory stacks twisted or brought down. Some pre-1965 infill masonry panels damaged. A few post-1980 brick veneers damaged. Decayed timber piles of houses damaged. Houses not secured to foundations may move. Most unreinforced domestic chimneys damaged, some below roof-line, many brought down.

Environment :
Cracks appear on steep slopes and in wet ground. Small to moderate slides in roadside cuttings and unsupported excavations. Small water and sand ejections and localized lateral spreading adjacent to streams, canals, lakes, etc.

MMI IX (Violent shaking) ?

Structures
Many low standard buildings destroyed. Ordinary workmanship buildings heavily damaged, some collapse. Reinforced masonry or concrete buildings damaged, some with partial collapse. Buildings and bridges designed and built to resist earthquakes damaged in some cases, some with flexible frames seriously damaged. Damage or permanent distortion to some buildings and bridges, designed and built to normal use standards. Houses not secured to foundations shifted off. Brick veneers fall and expose frames.

Environment :
Cracking of ground conspicuous. Landsliding general on steep slopes. Liquefaction effects intensified and more widespread, with large lateral spreading and flow sliding adjacent to streams, canals, lakes, etc.

Tell us your experience and how many seconds the shaking lasted + let us know if your property has been damaged (even slight damage). (max. 500 characters)

* mandatory fields <!–

 

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source

A new map exhibit documents evolving views of Earth’s interior

0
“Beneath Our Feet” puts maps on display to show how people have envisioned and explored Earth’s subsurface.