TED

An updated design for TED Talks

TED Talks design

It’s been a few years since the TED Talks video page was last updated, but a new design begins rolling out this week. The update aims to provide a simple, straightforward viewing experience for you while surfacing other ideas worth spreading that you might also like.

A few changes to highlight …

More talks to watch

Today there are about 2,500 TED Talks in the catalog, and each is unique. However, most of them are connected to other talks in some way — on similar topics, or given by the same speaker. Think of it as part of a conversation. That’s why, in our new design, it’s easier to see other talks you might be interested in. Those smart recommendations are shown along the right side of the screen.

As our library of talks grows, the updated design will help you discover the most relevant talks.

Beyond the video: More brain candy

Most ideas are rich in nuanced information far beyond what an 18 minute talk can contain. That’s why we collected deeper content around the idea for you to explore— like books by the speaker, articles relating to the talk, and ways to take action and get involved — in the Details section.

Many speakers provide annotations for viewers (now with clickable time codes that take you right to the relevant moment in the video) as well as their own resources and personal recommendations. You can find all of that extra content in the Footnotes and Reading list sections.

Transcripts, translations, and subtitling

Reaching a global community has always been a foundation of TED’s mission, so working to improve the experience for our non-English speaking viewers is an ongoing effort. This update gives you one-click access to our most requested subtitles (when available), displayed in their native endonyms. We’ve also improved the subtitles themselves, making the text easier for you to read across languages.

What’s next?

While there are strong visual differences, this update is but one mark in a series of improvements we plan on making for how you view TED Talks on TED.com. We’d appreciate your feedback to measure our progress and influence our future changes!

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A noninvasive method for deep brain stimulation, a new class of Emerging Explorers, and much more

As usual, the TED community has lots of news to share this week. Below, some highlights.

Surface-level brain stimulation. The delivery of an electric current to the part of the brain involved in movement control, known as deep brain stimulation, is sometimes used to treat people with Parkinson’s disease, depression, epilepsy and obsessive compulsive disorder. However, the process isn’t risk-free — and there are few people who possess the skill set to open a skull and implant electrodes in the brain. A new study, of which MIT’s Ed Boyden was the senior author, has found a noninvasive method: placing electrodes on the scalp rather than in the skull. This may make deep brain stimulation available to more patients and allow the technique to be more easily adapted to treat other disorders. (Watch Boyden’s TED Talk)

Rooms for refugees. Airbnb unveiled a new platform, Welcome, which provides housing to refugees and evacuees free of charge. Using its extensive network, Airbnb is partnering with global and local organizations that will have access to Welcome in order to pair refugees with available lodging. The company aims to provide temporary housing for 100,000 displaced persons over the next five years. Airbnb co-founder, Joe Gebbia, urges anybody with a spare room to “play a small role in tackling this global challenge”; so far, 6,000 people have answered his call. (Watch Gebbia’s TED Talk)

A TEDster joins The Shed. Kevin Slavin has been named Chief Science and Technology Officer of The Shed. Set to open in 2019, The Shed is a uniquely-designed space in New York City that will bring together leading thinkers in the arts, the humanities and the sciences to create innovative art. Slavin’s multidisciplinary—or, as he puts it, anti-disciplinary—mindset seems a perfect fit for The Shed’s mission of “experimentation, innovation, and collaboration.” Slavin, who was behind the popular game Drop 7, has run a research lab at MIT’s Media Lab, and has showcased his work in MoMA, among other museums. The Shed was designed by TEDsters Liz Diller and David Rockwell. (Watch Slavin’s TED Talk, Diller’s TED Talk and Rockwell’s TED Talk)

Playing with politics. Designing a video to feel as close to real life as possible often means intricate graphics and astutely crafted scripts. For game development studio Klang, it also means replicating politics. That’s why Klang has brought on Lawrence Lessig to build the political framework for their new game, Seed. Described as “a boundless journey for human survival, fuelled by discovery, collaboration and genuine emotion,” Seed is a vast multiplayer game whose simulation continues even after a player has logged off. Players are promised “endless exploration of a living, breathing exoplanet” and can traverse this new planet forming colonies, developing relationships, and collaborating with other players. Thanks to Lessig, they can also choose their form of government and appointed officials. While the game will not center on politics, Lessig’s contributions will help the game evolve to more realistically resemble real life. (Watch Lessig’s TED Talk)

A new class of explorers. National Geographic has announced this year’s Emerging Explorers. TED Speaker Anand Varma and TED Fellows Keolu Fox and Danielle N, Lee are among them. Varma is a photographer who uses the medium to turn science into stories, as he did in his TED talk about threats faced by bees. Fox’s work connects the human genome to disease; he advocates for more diversity in the field of genetics. He believes that indigenous peoples should be included in genome sequencing not only for the sake of social justice, but for science. Studying Inuit genetics, for example, may provide insight into how they keep a traditionally fat-rich diet but have low rates of heart disease. Danielle N. Lee studies practical applications for rodents—like the African giant pouched rats trained to locate landmines. The rats are highly trainable and low-maintenance, and Lee’s research aims to tap into this unlikely resource. (Watch Varma’s TED Talk, Fox’s TED Talk and Lee’s TED Talk)

Collaborative fellowship awarded to former head of DARPA. Joining the ranks of past fellows Ruth Bader Ginsberg, Deborah Tannen and Amos Tversky is Arati Prabhakar, who has been selected for the 2017-18 fellowship at Stanford’s Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences (CASBS). While Prabhakar’s field of expertise is in electrical engineering and applied physics, she is one of 37 fellows of various backgrounds ranging from architecture to law, and religion to statistics, to join the program. CASBS seeks to solve societal problems through interdisciplinary collaborative projects and research. At the heart of this mission is their fellowship program, says associate director Sally Schroeder. “Fellows represent all that is great about this place. It’s imperative that we continue to attract the highest quality, innovative thinkers, and we’re confident we’ve reached that standard of excellence once again with the 2017-18 class.” (Watch Prabhakar’s TED Talk)

Have a news item to share? Write us at contact@ted.com and you may see it included in this biweekly round-up.

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5 TED Radio Hour episodes that explore what it’s like to be human

TED Radio Hour started in 2013, and while I’ve only been working on the show for about a year, it’s one of my favorite parts of my job. We work with an incredibly creative team over at NPR, and helping them weave different ideas into a narrative each week adds a whole new dimension to the talks.

On Friday, the podcast published its 100th episode. The theme is A Better You, and in the hour we explore the many ways we as humans try to improve ourselves. We look at the role of our own minds when it comes to self-improvement, and the tension in play between the internal and the external in this struggle.

New to the show, or looking to dip back into the archive? Below are five of my favorite episodes so far that explore what it means to be human.

The Hero’s Journey

What makes a hero? Why are we so drawn to stories of lone figures, battling against the odds? We talk about space and galaxies far, far away a lot at TED, but in this episode we went one step further and explored the concept of the Hero’s Journey relates to the Star Wars universe – and the ideas of TED speakers. Dame Ellen MacArthur shares the transformative impact of her solo sailing trip around the world. Jarrett J. Krosoczka pays homage to the surprising figures that formed his path in life. George Takei tells his powerful story of being held in a Japanese-American internment camp during WWII, and how he managed to forgive, and even love, the country that treated him this way. We finish up the hour with Ismael Nazario’s story of spending 300 days in solitary confinement before he was even convicted of a crime, and how this ultimately set him on a journey to help others.

Anthropocene

In this episode, four speakers make the case that we are now living in a new geological age called the Anthropocene, where the main force impacting the earth – is us. Kenneth Lacovara opens the show by taking us on a tour of the earth’s ages so far. Next Emma Marris calls us to connect with nature in a new way so we’ll actually want to protect it. Then, Peter Ward looks at what past extinctions can tell us about the earth – and ourselves. Finally Cary Fowler takes us deep within a vault in Svalbard, where a group of scientists are storing seeds in an attempt to ultimately preserve our species. While the subject could easily be a ‘doom and gloom’ look at the state of our planet, ultimately it left me hopeful and optimistic for our ability to solve some of these monumental problems. If you haven’t yet heard of the Anthropocene, I promise that after this episode you’ll start coming across it everywhere.

The Power of Design

Doing an episode on design seemed like an obvious choice, and we were excited about the challenge of creating an episode about such a visual discipline for radio. We looked at the ways good or bad design affects us, and the ways we can make things more elegant and beautiful. Tony Fadell starts out the episode by bringing us back to basics, calling out the importance of noticing design flaws in the world around us in order to solve problems. Marc Kushner predicts how architectural design is going to be increasingly shaped by public perception and social media. Airbnb co-founder Joe Gebbia takes us inside the design process that helped people establish enough trust to open up their homes to complete strangers. Next we take an insightful design history lesson with Alice Rawsthorn to pay homage to bold and innovative design thinkers of the past, and their impact on the present. We often think of humans as having a monopoly on design, but our final speaker in this episode, Janine Benyus, examines the incredible design lessons we can take from the natural world.

Beyond Tolerance

We throw around the word ‘tolerance’ a lot – especially in the last year as politics has grown even more polarized. But how can we push past mere tolerance to true understanding and empathy? I remember when we first started talking about this episode Guy said he wanted it to be a deep dive into things you wouldn’t talk about at the dinner table, and we did just that: from race, to politics, to abortion, all the way to Israeli-Palestinian relations. Arthur Brooks tackles the question of how liberals and conservatives can work together – and why it’s so crucial. Diversity advocate Vernā Myers gives some powerful advice on how to conquer our unconscious biases. In the fraught and often painful debate around abortion, Aspen Baker emphasizes the need to listen: to be pro-voice, rather than pro-life or pro-choice. Finally Aziz Abu Sarah describes the tours he leads which bring Jews, Muslims and Christians across borders to break bread and forge new cultural ties.

Headspace

What I really love about this episode is that it takes a dense and difficult subject – mental health – and approaches it with this very human optimism, ultimately celebrating the resilience and power of our minds. The show opens up with Andrew Solomon, one of my favorite TED speakers, who shares what he has learned from his battle with depression, including how he forged meaning and identity from his experience with the illness. He has some fascinating and beautiful ideas around mental health and personality, which still resonate so strongly with me. Next, Alix Generous explains some of the misconceptions around Asperger’s Syndrome; she beautifully articulates the gap between her “complex inner life” and how she communicates with the world. David Anderson looks at the biology of emotion and how our brains function, painting a picture of how new research could revolutionize the way we understand and care for our mental health. Our fourth speaker, psychologist Guy Winch, gives some strong takeaways on how we can incorporate caring for our ‘emotional health’ in our daily lives.

Happy listening! To find out more about the show, follow us on Facebook and Twitter.

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Sneak preview lineup unveiled for Africa’s next TED Conference

On August 27, an extraordinary group of people will gather in Arusha, Tanzania, for TEDGlobal 2017, a four-day TED Conference for “those with a genuine interest in the betterment of the continent,” says curator Emeka Okafor.

As Okafor puts it: “Africa has an opportunity to reframe the future of work, cultural production, entrepreneurship, agribusiness. We are witnessing the emergence of new educational and civic models. But there is, on the flip side, a set of looming challenges that include the youth bulge and under-/unemployment, a food crisis, a risky dependency on commodities, slow industrializations, fledgling and fragile political systems. There is a need for a greater sense of urgency.”

He hopes the speakers at TEDGlobal will catalyze discussion around “the need to recognize and amplify solutions from within the Africa and the global diaspora.”

Who are these TED speakers? A group of people with “fresh, unique perspectives in their initiatives, pronouncements and work,” Okafor says. “Doers as well as thinkers — and contrarians in some cases.” The curation team, which includes TED head curator Chris Anderson, went looking for speakers who take “a hands-on approach to solution implementation, with global-level thinking.”

Here’s the first sneak preview — a shortlist of speakers who, taken together, give a sense of the breadth and topics to expect, from tech to the arts to committed activism and leadership. Look for the long list of 35–40 speakers in upcoming weeks.

The TEDGlobal 2017 conference happens August 27–30, 2017, in Arusha, Tanzania. Apply to attend >>

Kamau Gachigi, Maker

“In five to ten years, Kenya will truly have a national innovation system, i.e. a system that by its design audits its population for talented makers and engineers and ensures that their skills become a boon to the economy and society.” — Kamau Gachigi on Engineering for Change

Dr. Kamau Gachigi is the executive director of Gearbox, Kenya’s first open makerspace for rapid prototyping, based in Nairobi. Before establishing Gearbox, Gachigi headed the University of Nairobi’s Science and Technology Park, where he founded a Fab Lab full of manufacturing and prototyping tools in 2009, then built another one at the Riruta Satellite in an impoverished neighborhood in the city. At Gearbox, he empowers Kenya’s next generation of creators to build their visions. @kamaufablab

Mohammed Dewji, Business leader

“My vision is to facilitate the development of a poverty-free Tanzania. A future where the opportunities for Tanzanians are limitless.” — Mohammed Dewji

Mohammed Dewji is a Tanzanian businessman, entrepreneur, philanthropist, and former politician. He serves as the President and CEO of MeTL Group, a Tanzanian conglomerate operating in 11 African countries. The Group operates in areas as diverse as trading, agriculture, manufacturing, energy and petroleum, financial services, mobile telephony, infrastructure and real estate, transport, logistics and distribution. He served as Member of Parliament for Singida-Urban from 2005 until his retirement in 2015. Dewji is also the Founder and Trustee of the Mo Dewji Foundation, focused on health, education and community development across Tanzania. @moodewji

Meron Estefanos, Refugee activist

“Q: What’s a project you would like to move forward at TEDGlobal?
A: Bringing change to Eritrea.” —Meron Estefanos

Meron Estefanos is an Eritrean human rights activist, and the host and presenter of Radio Erena’s weekly program “Voices of Eritrean Refugees,” aired from Paris. Estefanos is executive director of the Eritrean Initiative on Refugee Rights (EIRR), advocating for the rights of Eritrean refugees, victims of trafficking, and victims of torture. Ms Estefanos has been key in identifying victims throughout the world who have been blackmailed to pay ransom for kidnapped family members, and was a key witness in the first trial in Europe to target such blackmailers. She is co-author of Human Trafficking in the Sinai: Refugees between Life and Death and The Human Trafficking Cycle: Sinai and Beyond, and was featured in the film Sound of Torture. She was nominated for the 2014 Raoul Wallenberg Award for her work on human rights and victims of trafficking. @meronina

Touria El Glaoui, Art fair founder

“I’m looking forward to discussing the roles we play as leaders and tributaries in redressing disparities within arts ecosystems. The art fair is one model which has had a direct effect on the ways in which audiences engage with art, and its global outlook has contributed to a highly mobile and dynamic means of interaction.” — Touria El Glaoui

Touria El Glaoui is the founding director of the 1:54 Contemporary African Art Fair, which takes place in London and New York every year and, in 2018, launches in Marrakech. The fair highlights work from artists and galleries across Africa and the diaspora, bringing visibility in global art markets to vital upcoming visions. El Glaoui began her career in the banking industry before founding 1:54 in 2013. Parallel to her career, Touria has organised and co-curated exhibitions of her father’s work, the Moroccan artist Hassan El Glaoui, in London and Morocco. @154artfair

Gus Casely-Hayford, Historian

“Technological, demographic, economic and environmental change are recasting the world profoundly and rapidly. The sentiment that we are traveling through unprecedented times has left many feeling deeply unsettled, but there may well be lessons to learn from history — particularly African history — lessons that show how brilliant leadership and strategic intervention have galvanised and united peoples around inspirational ideas.” — Gus Casely-Hayford

Dr. Gus Casely-Hayford is a curator and cultural historian who writes, lectures and broadcasts widely on African culture. He has presented two series of The Lost Kingdoms of Africa for the BBC and has lectured widely on African art and culture, advising national and international bodies on heritage and culture. He is currently developing a National Portrait Gallery exhibition that will tell the story of abolition of slavery through 18th- and 19th-century portraits — an opportunity to bring many of the most important paintings of black figures together in Britain for the first time.

Oshiorenoya Agabi, Computational neuroscientist

“Koniku eventually aims to build a device that is capable of thinking in the biological sense, like a human being. We think we can do this in the next two to five years.” — Oshiorenoya Agabi on IndieBio.co

With his startup Koniku, Oshiorenoya Agabi is working to integrate biological neurons and silicon computer chips, to build computers that can think like humans can. Faster, cleverer computer chips are key to solving the next big batch of computing problems, like particle detection or sophisticated climate modeling — and to get there, we need to move beyond the limitations of silicon, Agabi believes. Born and raised in Lagos, Nigeria, Agabi is now based in the SF Bay Area, where he and his lab mates are working on the puzzle of connecting silicon to biological systems.

Natsai Audrey Chieza, Design researcher

Photo: Natsai Audrey Chieza

Natsai Audrey Chieza is a design researcher whose fascinating work crosses boundaries between technology, biology, design and cultural studies. She is founder and creative director of Faber Futures, a creative R&D studio that conceptualises, prototypes and evaluates the resilience of biomaterials emerging through the convergence of bio-fabrication, digital fabrication and traditional craft processes. As Resident Designer at the Department of Biochemical Engineering, University College London, she established a design-led microbiology protocol that replaces synthetic pigments with natural dyes excreted by bacteria — producing silk scarves dyed brilliant blues, reds and pinks. The process demands a rethink of the entire system of fashion and textile production — and is also a way to examine issues like resource scarcity, provenance and cultural specificity. @natsaiaudrey

Stay tuned for more amazing speakers, including leaders, creators, and more than a few truth-tellers … learn more >>

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Two surprising strategies for effective innovation

Picture this: Three kids are given a LEGO set with the pieces to build a fire department. All of them want to build as many new toys as possible.

The first kid goes straight for the easy wins. He puts a tiny red hat on a tiny minifig: presto, a firefighter! In this way, he quickly makes several simple toys. The second kid goes by intuition. He chooses the pieces he’s drawn to and imagines how he could combine them. The third takes a different strategy altogether: She picks up axles, wheels, base plates; pieces she can’t use now but knows she’ll need later if she wants to build complex toys.

By the time they’re finished playing, which kid will have created the most new toys?

Common lore favors the second kid’s strategy — innovation by intuition or visionary foresight. “Innovation has been more of an art than a science,” says Martin Reeves (TED Talk: How to build a business that lasts 100 years), a senior partner and managing director at BCG, and global director of BCG’s think tank. “We think it’s dependent on intuition or personality or luck.”

A new study, led by Reeves and Thomas Fink from the London Institute of Mathematical Sciences, shows that’s not the case.

“Innovation is an unpredictable process, but one with predictable features,” says Reeves. “It’s not just a matter of luck. It’s possible to have a strategy of innovation.”

The study found that the second kid, guided only by intuition and vision, is the least likely to succeed. The other two are the ones to emulate, but the secret is knowing how and when to use each of their tactics.   

The Impatient Strategy

Let’s go back to the first kid, the one who started by putting hats on the figurines. His strategy is familiar to entrepreneurs: he’s creating the minimum viable product, or the simplest, fastest version of a finished product.

Reeves calls that an “impatient strategy.” It’s fast, iterative, and bare bones.  

When you’re breaking into a market that’s fairly new, an impatient strategy is the best way to go. “Look for simple solutions,” says Reeves.    

For example, that’s what Uber did when it first launched. The industry was young and easy to disrupt, so the app combined technologies that already existed to create a simple black-car service. Only later did it become the sprawling company it is today, looking ahead to things like the future of self-driving cars.   

The Patient Strategy

An impatient strategy might be effective early on, but eventually, it stops working.

Enter the third kid from our LEGO story. She’s not worried about speed; she’s focused on the end point she wants to reach. It’ll take her longer to build a toy, but she’s more likely to create a toy that’s elaborate (think: a fire truck) and more sophisticated than the first kid’s firefighters in hats. 

Reeves calls this a “patient strategy.” It’s complex, forward-looking, and relatively slow.   

A patient strategy is too costly for most startups. It requires resources and access, and it risks investing a lot in a product that doesn’t take off. “It becomes a big company game,” says Reeves.  

For example, Apple is known to make investments in technologies that often pay off later, many years after acquisition or initial patenting. That’s the hallmark of a patient strategy.    

When to Switch Your Strategy  

The most successful entrepreneurs use both strategies. They’re fast and agile when their industry is young; patient and forward-looking as their industry gets more advanced.  

How do you know when to switch? “Think of this as a search,” says Reeves. “Understand the maturity of your space by looking at the complexity of the products that you and your competitors are creating.”  

As the products get more complex, your strategy should get more patient.

Of course, the rest of the business needs to follow suit. “Adjust all aspects of your business to match your strategy,” says Reeves. “An impatient strategy is fast and agile, but you also need to prepare yourself to change your approach and structure later.”

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